The Increasing Effectiveness of National Gender Quotas, 1990 – 2010

Author: Pamela Paxton and Melanie M. Hughes | In a cross-national study of 145 countries, this article examines how effective gender quotas are in creating positive change for women over time.…

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Making Quotas Work: The Effect of Gender Quota Laws on the Election of Women

Author: Leslie Schwindt-Bayer | Gender quotas have proven to be the fastest and most popular means of increasing women’s political representation, but not all gender quotas are made equal. This…

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The Effect of Gender Quota Laws on the Election of Women: Lessons from Niger

Author: Alice Kang | Between 2000 and 2012, ten African countries adopted candidate gender quota laws to improve women’s representation in national legislatures. The effect of these laws on the…

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Sustainable Representation of Women Through Gender Quotas: A Decade’s Experience in Morocco

Author: Hanane Darhour & Drude Dahlerup | This article surveys the adoption and implementation of gender quotas in the Moroccan parliamentary elections of 2002, 2007, and 2011. Despite being…

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Gender Quotas and Democracy: Insights from Africa and Beyond

Author: Mona Lena Krook | Electoral gender quotas have simultaneously been praised for promoting greater inclusion and criticized as an artificial solution to women’s under-representation in…

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